SDG 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries SDG 10 aims to reduce inequality within and among countries. It has put a spotlight on economic inequalities and fragile social safety nets that leave vulnerable communities to bear the brunt of the crisis. It also relates to the difference between different countries. United Nations. Despite some positive signs toward reducing inequality in some dimensions, such as reducing relative income inequality in some countries and preferential trade status benefiting lower-income countries, COVID-19 has deepened existing inequalities. Reduce inequality within and among countries. If we take into account If states want to reduce substantive inequality between countries, they should focus on realising specific targets within goal 10. Subscribe to Goal 10 - Reduce inequality within and among countries About Engagement Member States Local and Regional Government UN System Other Inter … Inequality is about the gap between the rich and poor within a country. Fortunately, income inequality has been reduced both between and within countries. Related Thematic Areas. This article focuses on goal 10 – Reduce inequality within and among countries In 2014, Credit Suisse published a new Global Wealth Report that estimated the net worth – both financial and “real” assets like housing – for all the world’s adults. There has been Goal 10 in Action Explore the Targets Too much of the world’s wealth is held by a very small group of … Reducing inequalities and ensuring no one is left behind are integral to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. At the same time, social, political and economic inequalities have amplified the impacts of the pandemic. Inequalities between developed and developing countries should be reduced: Monitoring and regulation of international financial markets should be improved and developing countries should Reduce inequality within and among countries Global Tasks National Tasks Global Tasks National Tasks Global Tasks 10.1. New and improved technologies, such as prepaid cards and mobile operators, charge lower fees for sending money home (between 2 per cent and 4 per cent), but are not yet widely available or used in many remittance corridors. The UN Secretary-General called for solidarity with the world’s poorest and most vulnerable who need urgent support in responding to the worst economic and social crisis in generations. To ensure that people everywhere have access to essential services and social protection, the UN has called for an extraordinary scale-up of international support and political commitment, including funding through the UN COVID-19 Response and Recovery Fund which aims to support low- and middle-income countries and vulnerable groups who are disproportionately bearing the socio-economic impacts of the pandemic. SDG10 – Reduce Inequality Within and Among Countries Defining inequality as the social, economic and political challenges of our time, this book will examine SDG10 to look ahead at how policy action might engage multiple stakeholders, involve diverse sectors and address gaps between policy and implementation to tackle key inequalities within and among countries. In 61 countries, income The full title is: "Reduce inequality within and among countries". From 2005 to 2015, the proportion of tariff lines globally with duty-free treatment for products originating in developing countries increased from 41 per cent to 50 per cent; for products originating in the least developed countries, the proportion rose from 49 per cent to 65 per cent. Goal 10 in Action Explore the Targets Too much of the world’s wealth is held by a very small group of people. The global response to reducing inequality in the form of SDG10, and in fact the whole post-2015 agenda, is more comprehensive this time round. Leveraging a moment when policies and social norms may be more malleable than during normal times, bold steps that address the inequalities that this crisis has laid bare can steer the world back on track towards the Sustainable Development Goals. Across every sphere, from health to the economy, security to social protection, the impacts of COVID-19 are exacerbated for women and girls simply by virtue of their sex. Goal 10: Reduced inequalities Income inequality is on the rise—the richest 10 percent have up to 40 percent of global income whereas the poorest 10 percent earn only between 2 to 7 percent. Meanwhile, the voices of developing countries in international economic and financial decision-making still need to be strengthened. July 2014. ii United Nations. GOAL 10. The first (and only time-bound) target is aimed at states: By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain the growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average. This time of crisis must also be used as an opportunity to invest in policies and institutions that can turn the tide on inequality. Total resource flows for development include official development assistance, other official flows, private flows and net grants by non-governmental organizations. The region that received the largest share of total resource flows was Latin America and the Caribbean (a little over 100 billion US dollars), while flows to Eastern and South-Eastern Asia fell from about 80 billion US dollars in 2010 to about 50 billion US dollars in 2015. 42. . Women are also more likely than men to live below 50 per cent of the median income. Despite some positive signs toward reducing inequality in some dimensions, such as reducing relative income inequality in some countries and preferential trade status benefiting lower-income countries, inequality still persists. Future of Work. By referencing within and among nations, this SDG highlights how much inequality is a challenge for every country and not just the developing ones. The 10 th Sustainable Development Goal (SDG10) aims to reduce, by 2030, inequalities based on income, sex, age, disability, sexual orientation, race, class, ethnicity, religion and opportunity. Inequality can erode trust and leave the most marginalized behind. Targets. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, SDG Monitoring and Reporting Toolkit for UN Country Teams, United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). More info. Publications. SDG 10: "Reduce inequality within and among countries" of the Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2015 - facts and trends at the outset of the 2030 Development Agenda. To reduce inequality, policies have to be put in place to empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all. an extraordinary scale-up of international support and political commitment, including funding through the UN COVID-19 Response and Recovery Fund which aims to support low- and middle-income countries and vulnerable groups who are disproportionately bearing the socio-economic impacts of the pandemic. Reduce inequality within and among countries Globally, significant strides have been made towards lifting people out of hunger and poverty. of income inequality is due to inequality within households, including between women and men. According to Global Financial Integrity, developing countries lost $6.6 trillionin illicit financial flows from 2003 through 2012, with illicit outflows increasing at an average rate of 9.4 percent per year. 30. On average, post offices and money transfer operators charge over 6 per cent of the amount remitted; commercial banks charge 11 per cent; and the global average cost of transferring money is just over 7 per cent, according to World Bank Remittance Prices Worldwide. This is the official website of the United Nations providing information on the development and implementation of an indicator framework for the follow up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Official development assistance and financial flows contribute to reducing inequalities within and among countries. Income inequality has declined in many of the countries that experienced sustained economic growth, while increasing in countries with negative growth. Inequality still persists and large disparities remain in access to health and education services and other assets. [4] Measuring inequality in its individual forms is therefore a crucial component in order to reduce inequality within and among countries. On the economic front, the COVID-19 pandemic has significantly increased global. REDUCE INEQUALITY WITHIN AND AMONG COUNTRIES Age, sex, ability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion and socio-economic status are all important aspects of … The Scale of Inequality 10 Reduce inequality within and among countries. Changing inequality among countries paints a mixed picture. Reduce inequality within and among countries. When the 17 SDGs of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development were formulated, the reduction of inequality was made a goal in its own right in SDG 10, which urges global community to “reduce inequality within and among countries”.”. Between 2011 and 2015, the income and/or consumption of the bottom 40 per cent of the population grew faster than the national average in 49 of the 83 countries with data (accounting for three quarters of the world’s population). 477. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. Progress made through the MDGs The previous MDGs have made some progress in addressing the issue of inequality. Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries. in countries with weaker health systems and those facing existing humanitarian crises. These new technologies may help reduce the cost of sending remittances to some of the poorest countries, where costs tend to be highest. The challenges are underscored by UN chief António Guterres in the foreword, in which he states that the … In turn, this will increase empowerment, social promotion, and political inclusions for all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion, or economic status. For all other previous UNPSA cases from 2017 - 2003, click here. For all other previous UNPSA cases from 2017 - 2003, click here. The Goal has ten targets to be achieved by 2030. Inequalities can take different forms : social exclusion is one of them. maternal mortality in most developing countries. For example, in both the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Finance Corporation (both part of the World Bank Group), the voting shares of developing countries remain far below their membership levels and have not increased much over the past 16 years. And, with the world’s poorest and most vulnerable who need urgent support in responding to the worst economic and social crisis in generations. The contraction in 2015 was largely due to a steep decline in private resource flows. However, inequalities still persist and large disparities remain and are increasing in access to income, food, land, health and education, especially in rural areas, where most of the poor live. Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes. UN Secretary-General António Guterres addressed the Bundestag, the German parliament, on Friday, where he warned of a deficit of international cooperation and underscored that global challenges require global solutions. Inequalities are also deepening for vulnerable populations in countries with weaker health systems and those facing existing humanitarian crises. Taxation is an essential tool for governments to achieve both of these objectives; hence the inclusion of fiscal policy in target 10.4 (“Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social [...] 1 SDG10: Reduce inequality within and among countries SUMMARY Original search string: 192,794 document results TITLE-ABS-KEY((equality OR inequality OR {reform program} OR {reform programme} OR {reform programs} OR There is significant variation in how particular categories of inequality are addressed. For more information, see the SDG-10 Goal of the Month package: https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/goal-of-the-month-may-2020, Evidence from developing countries shows that. Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries 1. And, while remittances can be a lifeline for families and communities in the home countries of international migrant workers, the high cost of transferring money continues to diminish the benefits. However, progress will need to accelerate to reduce growing disparities within and among countries. The global context chapter (chapter I) finds that income inequality within countries has increased […] The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. Progress in reducing inequality within and among countries has been mixed. 10.1 By 2030 progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40% of the population at a rate higher than the national average. and dramatically slashed workers’ incomes. At the same time, social, political and economic inequalities have amplified the impacts of the pandemic. Wide and often mutually reinforcing disparities are also evident within countries, including disparity in terms of: rural/urban disparities, household wealth, gender, ethnic minorities and indigenous people, migrant status, and disability. Events. SDG 10: Reduce Inequality within and among Countries by 2030 The SDGs The OWG on SDGs proposed a stand-alone goal on inequality with seven targets and three means to achieve them. Aims to reduce inequality within and among countries; countries should achieve and sustain income growth to the bottom 4 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average. That’s $6.6 trillion that could reduce poverty and inequality through investments in human capital, infrastructure, and economic growth. SDG 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries Dr Mathew Doidge and Dr Serena Kelly National Centre for Research on Europe University of Canterbury, New Zealand Introduction Not all inequalities are created equal. Goal 10 Reduce inequality within and among countries It was recognized that the sustainable development goals (SDGs) would have to be more universal and more inclusive than the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), to address a wider range of socioeconomic differences around which inequalities had emerged and grown. If we take into account population growth inequality in developing countries, inequality has increased by 11 percent. On the economic front, the COVID-19 pandemic has significantly increased global unemployment and dramatically slashed workers’ incomes. Sustainable Development Goal 10 (Goal 10 or SDG 10) is about reduced inequality and is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015. REDUCE INEQUALITY WITHIN AND AMONG COUNTRIES i United Nations Open Working Group.Outcome Document – Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals. For more information, see the SDG-10 Goal of the Month package: https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/goal-of-the-month-may-2020, 10.1 By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average, 10.2 By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status, 10.3 Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard, 10.4 Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality, 10.5 Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations, 10.6 Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions, 10.7 Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies, 10.A Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements, 10.B Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes, 10.C By 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States (UNOHRLLS), dpicampaigns2020-12-18T16:13:20-05:0018 Dec 2020|, As governments move to secure COVID-19 vaccines for their populations, choosing these treatments should not be viewed as “some kind of nationalistic footrace”, with some countries winning and others losing, a senior official with the [...], dpicampaigns2020-12-18T12:40:06-05:0018 Dec 2020|, The end of the pandemic is in sight but we must not let our guard down, the head of the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Friday, as he welcomed the news that the global [...], dpicampaigns2020-12-18T06:50:20-05:0018 Dec 2020|. In developing countries, inequality has increased by 11 percent if we take into account the growth of population. 10.c. #Envision2030 Goal 10: Reduce Inequalities Imagine the world in 2030, fully inclusive of persons with disabilities Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries Policy Briefs and Infographics Reduce inequality within and among countries Explore 2018 - 2019 UNPSA initiatives and how they link to SDG 10 and its targets below. There needs to be an increase in duty-free treatment and continuation of favoring exports from developing countries, in addition to increasing the share of developing countries’ votes within the IMF. Reduce inequality within and among countries 10.1 by 2030 progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40% of the population at a rate higher than the national average 10.2 by 2030 empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status the limited progress that has been made on. Reducing inequalities and ensuring no one is left behind are integral to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Understanding of the present situation (1) Why we need to reduce inequality Since 1990, absolute poverty in the world has declined by 1.1 billion by 2013. There has been 10. However, inequalities still persist and large disparities remain and are increasing in access to income, food, land, health and education, especially in rural areas, where most of the poor live. Reduce inequality within and among countries. Changing inequality among countries paints a mixed picture. SDG 10 aims to reduce inequality not only within countries but also among countries. “Now is the time to stand by our commitment to leave no one behind,” the Secretary-General said. Duty-free treatment and favourable access conditions for exports from least developed and developing countries have expanded. Reduce inequality within and among countries June 2015 UN Chronicle 51(4):23-25 DOI: 10.18356/26a2d377-en Project: SUstainbale development goals Authors: Chantal Line … Globally, significant strides have been made towards lifting people out of hunger and poverty. Leveraging a moment when policies and social norms may be more malleable than during normal times, bold steps that address the inequalities that this crisis has laid bare can steer the world back on track towards the Sustainable Development Goals. Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries 10.1: By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average However, the targets of SDG 10 are rather weak. 11 Goal 11. For example, the proper implementation of target 10.a (adopting a progressive tariff regime) and target 10.b Progress towards targets will be measured by indicators. SDG 10 aims to reduce inequality not only within countries but also among countries. It is maintained by the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), a division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). The reference to both "within" and "among" countries highlights just how much this is an issue for all countries not only developing ones. Overview. These increases indicate that the international community is continuing its efforts to grant preferential treatment to countries with lower income levels. Reduce inequality within and among countries Explore 2018 - 2019 UNPSA initiatives and how they link to SDG 10 and its targets below. While a number of failings may be identified in this respect, two are of particular Inequality still persists and large disparities remain in access to health and education services and other assets. Reducing inequality requires resources; both (re)distributing currently available resources more fairly, and raising more resources to invest in goods and services which tackle inequality. This is particularly true in sub-Saharan Africa, where average costs absorb about 10 per cent of the amount sent. Actions. Reduce inequality within and among countries. At the current time, the per capita income of 60 out of 94 countries with data has risen more rapidly than the national average. Least developed and landlocked developing countries received more than 10 per cent of all total resource flows for development in 2015, a continuation of consistent increases over the last 15 years. It also relates to the difference between different countries. Request PDF | On Feb 20, 2020, Umesh Chandra Pandey and others published SDG10 – Reduce Inequality Within and Among Countries | Find, read … In most countries whose per capita income/consumption grew during this period, growth was faster for the bottom 40 per cent of the population. Income inequality is on the rise—the richest 10 percent have up to 40 percent of global income whereas the poorest 10 percent earn only between 2 to 7 percent. Fortunately, income inequality has been reduced both between and within countries. Of the one billion population of persons with disabilities. COVID-19 also puts at risk the limited progress that has been made on gender equality and women’s rights over the past decades. This time of crisis must also be used as an opportunity to invest in policies and institutions that can. Many international organizations and bodies, including the United Nations General Assembly and the World Trade Organization, operate under a one member/one vote system. Inequality is about the gap between the rich and poor within a country. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform, United Nations Sustainable Development Group, The Sustainable Development Goals: Our Framework for COVID-19 Recovery, UN Secretary-General’s Strategy for Financing the 2030 Agenda, ActNow | Food Challenge | Sustainable Recipes, The Lazy Person’s Guide to Saving the World, Reduce inequality within and among countries. And hate speech targeting vulnerable groups is rising. The European pillar of social rights promotes equal opportunities, access to the labour market, fair working conditions, adequate and accessible social protection and inclusion. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. and among countries The SDG 10 aims to reduce inequality which persists in income as well as that based on age, sex, disability, religion or economic or other status within a country as well as among countries. Between 2010 and 2016, in 60 out of 94 countries with data, the incomes of the poorest 40 per cent of the population grew faster than those of the entire population. SDG10 – Reduce Inequality Within and Among Countries Defining inequality as the social, economic and political challenges of our time, this book will examine SDG10 to look ahead at how policy action might engage multiple stakeholders, involve diverse sectors and address gaps between policy and implementation to tackle key inequalities within and among countries. , hitting the poorest and most vulnerable communities the hardest. of the populations are still up to three times more likely to die before their fifth birthday than children in the richest quintiles. In contrast, in most countries with contractions in per capita income/consumption, the bottom 40 per cent fared worse than the overall population. The most direct reference to income inequality is Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and between countries. ... reduce inequality, and spur economic growth – all while tackling climate change and working to preserve our oceans and forests. Refugees and migrants, as well as indigenous peoples, older persons, people with disabilities and children are particularly at risk of being left behind. accelerate to reduce growing disparities within and among countries. Within its borders, EU action complements national governments' policies on social protection and inclusion.The EU Cohesion Policy covers social inclusion, while fighting poverty and discrimination. While the cost of sending money has declined gradually since 2008, all three of these remittance services providers charge significantly more than the 3 per cent target. SDG 10: Reduce Inequality Within and Among Countries SDG 10 and its associated targets are somewhat conservative in their formulation. COVID-19 is not only challenging global health systems but testing our common humanity. Inequality within and among countries is a persistent cause for concern. Globalvia strengthens its commitment to comply with the SDGs and adheres to the second phase of the campaign #COMPANIES4SDGs. Reduce inequality within and among countries Inequality exist in various forms, such as economic, sex, disability, race, social inequality, and different forms of discrimination. Inequality within and among countries is a persistent cause for concern. Across every sphere, from health to the economy, security to social protection, the impacts of COVID-19 are exacerbated for women and girls simply by virtue of their sex. At the current time, the per capita income of 60 out of 94 countries with data has risen more rapidly than the national average. At the same time, reduced inequality is associated with stronger, more sustainable growth. 10.b. It has put a spotlight on economic inequalities and fragile social safety nets that leave vulnerable communities to bear the brunt of the crisis. 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