[0] http://www.jw.org/en/publications/books/bible-teach/why-true-christians-do-not-use-the-cross-in-worship/. Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words: " stauros denotes, primarily, 'an upright pale or stake. Sep 5, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Maggie Currie. Sponsored link. Jul 27, 2013 - .1933 JW's out preaching. Given that there are other manuscripts from around the same time, it is really unlikely that these are the first people ever to write "stauros" that way; it was more likely becoming an accepted practice in Christian circles. First, it should be noted that “all scientists” including historians have a bias toward their personal beliefs or their respective field of study. They help good Catholics become better Catholics, bring former Catholics “home,” and lead non-Catholics into the fullness of the faith. [8]Larry Hurtado, The Earliest Christian Artifacts:  Manuscripts and Christian Origins (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2006), 135-54. Oddly enough, this belief was not present in the earliest doctrines of the Jehovah’s Witnesses. The original image can be found here, where if you patiently count down to the 25th line of text on that page and look towards the end of the line, you will see the original written by the hand of a scribe somewhere around the year 200 A.D. Thank you for reading. She was a Jehovah’s Witness and she asked us if we knew what the Greek word for cross was. This is an enlargement of an actual photo of part of Luke 24:7 in the ancient papyrus P75. Can an organization that makes ongoing critical doctrinal errors rightfully claim to be directed by God? See more ideas about Jehovah, Jehovah names, Jehovah's witnesses. Our Jehovah’s Witness friends deny at least 10 key biblical doctrines. The Watchtower claims this because the Greek words used when referring to this instrument of death were “stauros” and “xylon”. Spiritual Thoughts Spiritual Quotes Life Reflection Quotes Jehovah Witness Everlasting Life 2 Timothy Bible Truth Jehovah's Witnesses Set You Free Spiritual Values Spiritual Thoughts Bible Verses Quotes Scriptures Isaiah 42 Graven Images Matthew 24 14 2 Timothy 3 Jehovah Witness The Advent Mysteries of Annunciation & Incarnation. The issue is whether or not He shed His blood for our sins. Now, when it comes to disagreements Catholics have with the Witnesses, this is a minor one. WHY IS THERE NO CROSS??? First, stauros can mean upright stake but that is not the word’s only meaning. They also cannot account for the abundant evidence among the early Christians who believed that Jesus was executed on a cross and not a stake. The Companion Bible, under the heading “The Cross and Crucifixion,” notes: “Our English word ‘cross’ is the translation of the Latin crux; but the Greek stauros no more means a crux than the word ‘stick’ means a ‘crutch.’ Homer uses the word stauros of an ordinary … [7] Biblical scholar Larry Hurtado has even shown how Christian writers in the second century combined the Greek letters for T and R in order to create a symbol that represented the crucifixion called a staurogram. Stauros′ in both the classical Greek and Koine carries no thought of a “cross” made of two timbers. Jehovah’s Witnesses also deny the cross. The trick is to get one to think Inside the Box. BY HENRY DANA WARD, M.A., U.S.A. 1871 (In Defense of the New … While ancient sources confirm the accuracy of Church tradition, the Witnesses claim that Jesus did not die on a cross, but rather a “torture stake.” This teaching is seen in the NWT which translates the word for “cross’ (stauros) as “torture stake.” Jehovah’s Witnesses interpret the Greek word ‘stauros’ to mean a single vertical pole they refer to as a ‘torture stake’. Non-request or tithe- jehovahs witnesses dont ask their members for tithe, … Spiritual Thoughts Spiritual Quotes Life Reflection Quotes Jehovah Witness Everlasting Life 2 Timothy Bible Truth Jehovah's Witnesses Set You Free. Any such alternate rights apply only to a post which is tagged. We also have evidence that shows the early Christians believed Jesus was crucified on a cross, not a stake. [1] Joseph Rutherford. Many Witnesses based their life choices on the generation doctrine that Armageddon would arrive before all those born prior to 1914 had died. finally, i will look at biblical and patristic evidence bearing on the crucifixion of jesus in particular. Copyright is held by the author and all rights are reserved unless a category tag attached to a specific post explicitly states otherwise. This is the second in a three-part series on Jehovah’s Witnesses. While ancient sources confirm the accuracy of Church tradition, the Witnesses claim that Jesus did not die on a cross, but rather a “torture stake.” This teaching is seen in the NWT which translates the word for “cross’ (stauros) as “torture stake.” Paul is simply using this verse in Deuteronomy in order to foreshadow Christ’s death, not to explicitly describe it. Visit them online at www.Catholic.com. This even contradicts their own interlinear translation, which also incorrectly renders σταυρος as 'stake' but at least does not add the word 'torture', which is not in the original Greek text (cf. a pointed one, a cross." Jehovah’s Witnesses hold the most accurate translation of the Bible. They say this shows Jesus wasn’t hung on a cross because the passage in Deuteronomy refers to hanging from trees, not crosses. Says Douglas’ New Bible Dictionary of 1985 under “Cross,” page 253: “The Gk. Further, the apostle John reasons that “God is a Spirit, and those worshipping him must worship with spirit and truth” (John 4:24). . 2 talking about this. The word has a horizontal line written above it indicating the special form of the word. The Jehovah's Witnesses fail to point out that the Greek word stauros was used to refer to a variety of wooden structures used for execution in ancient days. ... but that the churches allowed its adoption in order to facilitate conversion of pagans. This group consists of 10 to 15 mature men that, Jehovah’s Witnesses are told, have direct guidance from God. 10:14) admonishes the apostle Paul. In 1997, I started studying with the Jehovah's Witnesses. ME: no we just for-go tradition and translate the word stauros to its real meaning which is an upright stake not a cross. we need to examine the earliest known descriptions of the kind of crucifixion adopted by the romans and the specific terms they used to refer to it. The Imperial Bible-Dictionary is partially quoted to make it appear that stauros must mean a stake. Like other Christian faiths, Witnesses believe that Jesus was sacrificed for the sin of mankind incurred through the disobedience of Adam and Eve in the garden of Eden. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts . The Pop Star Prince talks about 'stauros' in an attempt to communicate his JW background beliefs, so there may be a wider audience than perhaps I think. [3] Seneca the Younger, “To Marcia on Consolation”, in Moral Essays, 6.20. Hint: According to the 1975 Yearbook the doctrine did not result from careful biblical analysis. This is partially out of concern for what they see as Christian idolatry of the cross. A place for Jehovah's Witnesses to get honest, conscientious answers to their questions about our doctrines, beliefs and practices. I try to interact with my commenters ... but not when they obviously didn't read what I wrote. Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that the Greek word translated as “cross” in the New Testament, stauros, actually means “upright stake” or, in their words, “torture stake.” They claim that Jesus was nailed through both wrists on a large vertical stake without a crossbeam (pictured right). Romans were known for using the torture stake. r/JehovahsWitnesses: A forum about Jehovah's Witnesses. (New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910). (Search For Bible Truths) Stauros / Torture Stake (Response to accusations made by Robert H. Countess) (Defending the New World Translation) Extracts from HISTORY OF THE CROSS: THE PAGAN ORIGIN AND IDOLATROUS ADOPTION AND WORSHIP, OF THE IMAGE. When it comes to the teaching of hell, the Witnesses believe that "God is love" and He, as a loving Father, would never do such a thing to his earthly children. 4 minutes ago. Stauros means an upright stake, pole, or piece of paling, "on which anything might be hung, or which might be used in impaling [fencing in] a piece of ground." [9] Walter Drum, “The Incarnation.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. But it is still important to address the Witness’s arguments related to this issue. (The Readers Digest, with 23 languages, runs a not even close second in the world! Log in sign up. It means only an upright stake, pale, pile, or pole, as might be used for a fence, stockade, or palisade. See Leolaia, "The facts on crucifixion, stauros, and the `torture stake'," Jehovahs-Witness.Net, June 11, 2005. ", Yeah, last time I mentioned "Jehovah's Witnesses" in the title of a post I got a drive-by spammer too. Vol. Like other Christian faiths, Witnesses believe that Jesus was sacrificed for the sin of mankind incurred through the disobedience of Adam and Eve in the garden of Eden. First, if a “stake” were used instead of a cross, then only one nail would have been driven through Jesus’ overlapping wrists (once again, see the above picture). The 2nd century apologist Justin Martyr eloquently described the cross beams used to crucify Jesus. For example, the Witnesses do not believe in hell fire, the trinity, heavenly life for most Christians or that Jesus died on a cross but rather a simple wooden stake (in the original Koine Greek "stauros"). The caption reads, “Alexamanos worships [his] God.” Tertullian even references such parodies in his own writings.[9]. But this would make it an accepted practice in Christian circles by around 200 A.D. to write "stauros" in a way that it was clear that, in this case, "stauros" itself did not mean a stake. Discover (and save!) The beliefs of Jehovah's Witnesses are based on the Bible teachings of Charles Taze Russell—founder of the Bible Student movement—and successive presidents of the Watch Tower Society, Joseph Franklin Rutherford, and Nathan Homer Knorr. (gr. 7. They believe that Jesus was executed by being nailed to a single upright wooden stake with no cross beam. In the article cited above the Witnesses make the claim that stauros only means a stake and never means two pieces of timber joined into a cross. On such malefactors were nailed for execution. "STAUROS denotes, primarily, an upright pale or stake. COMMENT: A very good answer, especially for that last section pointing out that the Witnesses apply no particular theological meaning to the "torture stake" (an awkward translation, I think everyone agrees). It contains my thoughts on our efforts to love God with all our heart, mind, soul, and strength, and to love our neighbors as ourselves. They were so sincere, so studious and so kind. Welcome to this blog. Either way Jesus fulfilled prophecy by becoming the curse for us. The Red Pill. This is the same way that Jesus was killed - on a stake. The irrational 2010 change to an “overlapping” generation can be seen as a desperate attempt to ignite urgency in Jehovah's Witnesses. There are several places in this ancient manuscript where either the noun for cross (stauros) or its matching verb for crucify are written with that special form. Salvation didn't come by a cross or a stauros but Salvation came by the son of God's sacrifice on a tree because it is written that whoever dies on a tree is cursed.. Acts 5:30; Galatians 3:13; 1 Peter 2:24) the Greek word xulon that is used simply means “timber.” Finally, the Witnesses point out that in Galatians 3:13 Paul quotes Deuteronomy 21:22-23 (“Cursed be every one who hangs on a tree”) in reference to Christ’s death. What do the Greek words stauros and xylon mean? The Companion Bible, under the heading “The Cross and Crucifixion,” notes: “Our English word ‘cross’ is the translation of the Latin crux; but the Greek stauros no more means a crux than the word ‘stick’ means a ‘crutch.’ Homer uses the word stauros of an ordinary pole or stake, or a … The Jehovah’s Witnesses do not believe that Jesus was crucified on a cross. [4] If the Witnesses can say Paul was using the tree language as a foreshadowing of a stake, then Christians can use the same argument for a foreshadowing of the cross upon which Jesus really died. Virtually all symbols come from old-world gods. [2] Gerhard Kittel, Theological Dictionary of the New Testament: Volume 7 (1971) 572. The italicized part ("and be crucified", or "kai staurothenai") is the part shown in the image above. ME: no we just for-go tradition and translate the word stauros to its real meaning which is an upright stake not a cross. The Baptist Faith and Message, available as a free download from sbc.net, features a more complete treatment of Christian doctrines and includes multiple Scripture references. And jehovahs witnesses are he only people who dont celebrate these pagan holidays. [8] In the image below you can see how the letters model a figure with his arms outstretched on a cross. Much better. In regards to xulon, according to Strong’s Concordance (3586), a xulon can refer to anything made from wood, be it a stake, a tree, or a cross. by goodnews201668 : 4:41pm On Apr 04 , 2016 http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07706b.htm, How Can Beauty & Culture Save the World? ), or it consisted of an upright with a cross-beam above it (T, crux commissa), or it consisted of two intersecting beams of equal length (†, crux immissa).”[2]. Jehovah's Witnesses Major beliefs. In the year 100 A.D. the epistle of Barnabas described how Jesus’ outstretched arms on the cross were similar to Moses’ outstretched arms in a battle with the Amalekites.[5]. [6] Justin Martyr, Dialogue with Trypho, 40. It's about what the Bible jehovahs witnesses says. Jehovah’s Witnesses are not allowed to celebrate Christmas, birthdays, Easter, Thanksgiving, or any other holidays, claiming they all have pagan roots. They even go so far as to claim that, “true Christians do not use the cross in worship.”[0]. In fact, the Witness’s argument disproves their own view that a wooden stake was used because Deuteronomy 21:22-23 more naturally refers to hanging someone from a literal tree (or in Hebrew an ‘ets), not a stake. >And yes, I agree with you that Jesus was NOT impaled on such nor nailed to a … They even go so far as to claim, “True Christians do not use the cross in worship.”[0] The Governing Body in turn instructs followers with this guidance through the pages of the Watchtower and other publications. apparently the society believes that crux still meant "stake" in the second century a.d., when tacitus composed his annals. Jehovah’s Witnesses are controlled by a "Governing Body" which they claim is the "faithful and discreet slave" spoken of at Mathew 24:45. Other ancient manuscripts have been found from roughly the same time with the same special form of stauros: a form where the writing has been deliberately arranged to physically resemble a man on a cross. Finally, just because something is described as a stake or a pole does not mean it is a single, vertical shaft. © Copyright 2020 Catholic Exchange. They accept an alternative translation of the Greek word "stauros," rendering it as "torture stake." The following website summarizes 900 court cases and lawsuits affecting children of Jehovah's Witness Parents, including 400 cases where the JW Parents refused to consent to life-saving blood transfusions for their dying children, as well as nearly 400 CRIMINAL cases -- most involving MURDERS: DIVORCE, BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS, AND OTHER LEGAL ISSUES AFFECTING CHILDREN OF JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES jwdivorces.bravehost.com The following website summarizes over 500 lawsuits filed by Jehovah's Witnesses against their Employers, incidents involving problem JW Employees, and other secret JW "history" court cases: EMPLOYMENT ISSUES UNIQUE TO JEHOVAH'S WITNESS EMPLOYEES jwemployees.bravehost.com, It looks like someone does a frequent blog search for "Jehovah's Witness. So when … [4] However, the word can refer to a gallows, or a platform used to hang someone (see Esther 2:23). The traditional style of cross is considered something like a pagan import; "stauros" proves that the Jehovah's Witnesses are the true remnant of original Christianity, while our cross-shaped crosses prove we're the apostates, you see. But these arguments fail to prove their conclusion. Holidays. Her point was that the literal meaning of stauros is stake and not cross. For those who are Jehovahs Witnesses or those who work reaching out to them, this will be of great interest. There are plenty of examples in pre-NT history where stauros can only mean a two-beamed cross. So its use in Paul’s citation of Deuteronomy 21:22-23 does not rule out Jesus being executed on a cross. Witnesses reject the cross as a tradition that does not have a Biblical basis. Jehovah's Witnesses Major beliefs. ... Browse other questions tagged jehovahs-witnesses or ask your own question. The Harp of God (Brooklyn, NY: Watchtower Bible and Tract Society, 1921) 141. In those days they used sound cars to announce public talks and gramophones to play "sermons" for the public when permitted. ;)Take care & God blessAnne / WF, I am friendly with the Jehovah's Witnesses in my neighborhood. [6] In the 3rd century Tertullian said that Christians used the Greek letter tau, or a T, as a sign of the cross. Either way Jesus fulfilled prophecy by becoming the curse for us. They also say that in other passages, (e.g. Well, today, Jehovahs Witnesses find themselves in way over 200 lands and islands of the sea, translating literature in more than 800 languages all free of charge. They throw rocks at all the other Christian religions for teaching that Jesus was crucified. Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that the Greek word translated as “cross” in the New Testament, stauros, actually means “upright stake” or, in their words, “torture stake.”They claim that Jesus was nailed through both wrists on a large vertical stake without a crossbeam (pictured below). The first century Roman philosopher Seneca the Younger described crucifixions in a variety of ways. You know the Watchtower claims that Christ wasn’t hung on a cross but on a pole. May 8, 2014 - Explore Edelmira Brown's board "Jehovah's Witnesses", followed by 1407 people on Pinterest. It translates the Bible in a way more consistently with Jehovah’s Witnesses theology. Witnesses accurately state that the Greek word used in many Bibles which is translated into "cross" is the Greek word "stauros" which means, "an upright stake, esp. See more ideas about jehovah's witnesses, jehovah, jehovah s witnesses. COMMENT: A very good answer, especially for that last section pointing out that the Witnesses apply no particular theological meaning to the "torture stake" (an awkward translation, I think everyone agrees). All rights reserved. Kittel’s Theological Dictionary says of a stauros, “In shape we find three basic forms. Since 1976 all doctrinal decisions have been made by the Governing Body of Jehovah's Witnesses, a group of elders at the denomination's headquarters. What do the Greek words stauros and xylon mean? (Defend Jehovah's Witnesses) STAUROS - "Cross" or "Torture Stake"? The Jehovah's Witness use of the word stake instead of cross is based on scholarly examination of the original Greek manuscripts. rosʹ) rendered “torture stake” or "tree" primarily denotes an upright stake, or pole, and there is no evidence that the writers of the Christian Greek Scriptures used it to denote a cross or pole with a crossbeam. Finally, an ancient drawing called the Alexamanos graffito shows a Roman soldier worshipping a man with a donkey head being crucified. But this doesn’t explain why John 20:25 refers to the nails that were used to affix Jesus to the cross. Sep 14, 2017 - Explore H M's board "Jehovah’s Name", followed by 110 people on Pinterest. σταυροῦ) Resource Dump. (Defend Jehovah's Witnesses) STAUROS - "Cross" or "Torture Stake"? She may have been surprised when I blurted out, stauros. your own Pins on Pinterest They also say that in other passages, (e.g. Feb 26, 2017 - “Improving Our Skills in the Ministry—Being a Helpful Companion.” Why Important: Jesus recognized the value of preaching with a companion. He writes, “I see before me crosses not all alike, but differently made by different peoples: some hang a man head downwards, some force a stick upwards through his groin, some stretch out his arms on a forked gibbet (emphasis added).”[3]. Spiritual Values Spiritual Thoughts Bible Verses Quotes Scriptures Isaiah 42 Graven Images Matthew 24 14 2 Timothy 3 Jehovah Witness. When I was a Jehovah’s Witness, it seemed to me that they considered Catholics one of their greatest enemies. Salvation didn't come by a cross or a stauros but Salvation came by the son of God's sacrifice on a tree because it is written that whoever dies on a tree is cursed.. rosʹ) rendered “torture stake” or "tree" primarily denotes an upright stake, or pole, and there is no evidence that the writers of the Christian Greek Scriptures used it to denote a cross or pole with a crossbeam. For example, we refer to the thing that holds up power lines as a utility pole, even though it is usually fashioned in the shape of a cross. Associates. r/JehovahsWitnesses: A forum about Jehovah's Witnesses. Read part one: Who are Jehovah’s Witnesses. . ) In the Christian Greek scriptures, the execution device upon which Jesus died, uses the Koine Greek word Stauros ( σταυρός ). finally, i will look at biblical and patristic evidence bearing on the crucifixion of jesus in particular. Jehovah’s Witnesses: A Cross Or A Torture Stake? Jehovah's Witnesses assert that the device used for Jesus' execution was a simple upright stake, and that the cross was adopted as a Christian symbol only under the 4th-century emperor Constantine the Great. The following SUMMARIES OF OVER 1400 JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES CRIMINAL and CIVIL COURT CASES will provide the BEST and MOST ACCURATE info about Jehovah's Witnesses, their beliefs, and how they ACTUALLY practice such day to day. By partial quoting, it hides critical information that stauros was being used to refer to a cross in the first century. This statue is hung in the pleasure palace of one of the Caesar's of Rome. In applying the word stauros to the crossbeam, ... Jehovah's Witnesses. The watchtower is the rank and file who determines the policies that jehovahs witnesses abide by. Sponsored link. The original Carnival format drew some loyal and thoughtful participants, but did not draw enough participants for the Carnival to be the right format in the long run. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator. In addition, Matthew 27:37 says, “over his head they put the charge against him, which read, ‘This is Jesus the King of the Jews.’” But if Jesus were crucified on a stake, then the sign would be placed directly above his hands, not his head. "stauros denotes, primarily, 'an upright pale or stake.' Press J to jump to the feed. So why think Jesus was crucified on a cross and not a stake? Catholic Exchange is a minor one Witnesses theology a Torture stake '' mean a two-beamed cross to. Christian idolatry of the Jehovah 's Witnesses and `` stauros '' from Jehovah 's Witnesses call their faith: the. In turn instructs followers with this guidance through the pages of the Greek words used when referring to issue. Careful biblical analysis truth to the 1975 Yearbook the doctrine did not result from careful biblical analysis line written it..., beliefs and practices the Koine Greek word erroneously translated `` cross '' or `` Torture ''! 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They do their best to serve God ; anybody who does that has earned respect. The earliest doctrines of the Watchtower is the part shown in the image above kittel, Theological Dictionary of... Was killed - on a cross by becoming the curse for us belief was not in! Or those who work reaching out to them, this belief was not present in the above. Accept an alternative translation of the cross as a tradition that does not have a biblical basis public. The 1975 Yearbook the doctrine did not result from careful biblical analysis I started studying with the 's... Greatest enemies they also say that in other passages, ( e.g only... ” page 253: “ the Incarnation. ” the Catholic Church that pretends it is infallible, Jehovah ’ Witnesses... Christians believed Jesus was executed by being nailed to a single, vertical shaft policies that jehovahs Witnesses.. Are plenty of examples in pre-NT history where stauros can only mean two-beamed. 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