Nonverbal communication describes the way people send and receive information to each other beyond words. The elements of verbal communication are oral or written while the elements of nonverbal communication are facial expressions, body movements, gestures and eye contact. If you pronounce the word “cat” you begin with the letter “C” and proceed to finish with “T.” Continuous means that messages are ongoing and work in relation to other nonverbal and verbal cues. Suppose you see your friend in the distance. How we interpret these nonverbal signals can also be influenced by our gender as the viewer. Yet another relationship between verbal and non-verbal communication is one of dependence. There are many other comparisons that can be made between verbal and nonverbal communication. That is, non-relevance across the verbal and nonverbal media is normal, but non-relevance within a single medium is abnormal. Communicating with others is essential in leading a normal life. Spoken conversations or dialogues are affecting by voice modulation, volume and even the speed and clarity of speaking. However, when they were given non-accurate nonverbal and verbal messages this dropped to just 32% for verbal and 39% for nonverbal. Verbal communication is best suited to convey specific information, and is better suited to communication through technology over long distances. We move our hands, snap our fingers, move our bodies while speaking, with these gestures having no relevance to the speech we make. Common types of nonverbal communication are; eye contact, facial expressions, gestures, posture and body orientation, body language, touch, para-linguistic, silence. It has a start point and a stop point and each word used has distinct meanings. First, verbal communication is intermittent, while nonverbal communication is continuous. In a job interview you are making conscious decisions about your wardrobe, posture, and eye contact. On the other hand gestures like a handshake, wave hand to say hello or goodbye, a smile or a hug can independently convey emotions. To complementor contradict verbal messages (such as indicating sarcasm using verbal tone) 3. At times we certainly make conscious choices to use or withhold nonverbal communication to share meaning. When we use verbal communication, we do so like the digital clock. It is also found in every day life. Oral communication channel refers to telephonic conversations, face-to-face meetings, speeches and presentations, videoconferences, etc. The neutral control condition fell in between at 58%. In extreme circumstances, the former is caused because of deliberate distortion of the verbal act, or because of the difficulty in listening clearly to the verbal act, or because of the difficulty in reading with clarity what is intended to be read in the written verbal message. The verbal is includes oral communication mean that through words and writing. Where along the line does our communication breakdown in the process. Verbal and Non-verbal communication are not contradictory to each other, but they are complementary as somebody has rightly said, ” Actions are louder than words.” In short, both goes side by side and helps a human being, to interact and respond to other human beings. You might also consider the time of day, if there is a pressing need to get to class, etc. There are two main types of communication which is commonly used: verbal and… I think first humans need to understand the difference between verbal and non-verbal communication, the two types of communication we see daily. Communication is a way of transferring message that happens with or without words. Something is communicated through a verbal act. Eye contact, Facial … The Another type of verbal communication is written communication. The dominant nonverbal acts also depends on verbal acts for clarity. But, think how much more difficult it is to decode the even more ambiguous and multiple nonverbal signals we take in like eye contact, facial expressions, body movements, clothing, personal artifacts, and tone of voice all at the same time. Start studying Chapter 6. Over the years, linguists, sociologists and other researchers have conducted a great deal of research on nonverbal communication. Verbal communication is structured. Certain nonverbal communication is universally understood. The oral communication refers to speaking words in the communication process. This includes using proxemics, kinesics, hepatics, and eye contact among others. The continued manifestation of this communicative act may be in the form of nonverbal acts. Each part is independent of the other. The effectiveness of written communication depends on the style of writing, grammar, vocabulary used, clarity and precision of language. The relationship between verbal and non-verbal communication is one of the latter playing a supplementary role to the former. Another class refers to acts that help to initiate and terminate the speech of participants in a social situation. Nonverbal communication is very effective in empathic listening; Both verbal and nonverbal communications serve the same purpose though there are some situations where nonverbal communication gains ascendancy over verbal communication. How do you interpret this student’s nonverbals? Just as there are many definitions for verbal communication, there are also many ways to define nonverbal communication, let’s look at a few. To regulateinteractions with others (such as using nonverbal cues to indicate when people should and should not speak) 4. Hall found that women are much better than men at accurately interpreting the many nonverbal cues we send and receive (Gore). It is symbolic, can be intentional or unintentional and differs between genders and cultures. Verbal communication coexists alongside non-verbal communication, which can affect people’s perceptions and exchanges in subtle but significant ways. When people encounter people or things that they like, the rate of blinking increases and pupils dilate. Non-verbal communication increases understanding of messages. The non-verbal at this moment includes various methods of transferring message. For example if you go to South Korea don’t offer payment with only one hand. We begin and end words and sentences in a linear way to make it easier for others to follow and understand. In fact, the verbal and the nonverbal part of any communication are inseparable. Your email address will not be published. A third difference between verbal and nonverbal communication is that we use verbal communication consciously while we generally use nonverbal communication unconsciously. The analog clock represents nonverbal communication in that we generate meaning by considering the relationship of the different arms to each another (context). The sender of message as well as receiver gets what is the intended meaning of the message and can act accordingly. In the normal the excessive non-relevance of nonverbal acts accompanying speech comes to hamper the understanding of the verbal acts. The results where quite dramatic; when the participants where presented with accurate nonverbal and verbal messages they were correct 75% of the time. However the meanings in nonverbal communication are conveyed through the use of gesture, posture changes, and timing. types of verbal and gestural communicating. Communication can occur both with and without verbs where this is referred to as verbal and non-verbal. Nonverbal communication encompasses tone of voice, facial expression, and body movement. Deliberate distortion is not found only in contrived acts such as poetry or drama. For instance, people around the world recognize and use expressions such as smiles, frowns, and the pointing of a finger at an object. These regulators might suggest to a speaker that he keep talking, that he clarify, or that he hurry up and finish. Unlike an analog clock, a digital clock is not in constant motion. Like verbal communication, we use nonverbal communication to share meaning with others. When we speak, we do so consciously and intentionally. Conscious communication means that we think about our verbal communication before we communicate. To substitutefo… Try this exercise! Note: Not all nonverbal gestures are universal! Nonverbal communication is nonverbal stimuli and behaviour in a communication setting that transmits a meaning. Nonverbal communication can be both conscious and unconscious. Our verbal messaging is communicated via the words that we use. In the normal with all the linguistic organs intact, occasions demand the use of nonverbal acts such as pantomime and gestures for aesthetic purposes, and for purposes of coded (secret) communication. Think about the difference between analog and digital clocks. In this next section, we show you eight types of nonverbal communication we use regularly: kinesics, haptics, appearance, proxemics, environment, chronemics, paralanguage, and silence. The relationship between verbal and non-verbal communication is also one of the former playing a supplementary role to the latter. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Nonverbal communication also evolved earlier than verbal communication and served an early and important survival function that helped humans later develop verbal communication. The non-verbal acts that are supplementary to verbal acts may precede or follow or be simultaneous with the verbal acts. Verbal communication is divided into written and oral communication. 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A fourth difference between verbal and nonverbal communication is that some nonverbal communication is universal (Hall, Chia, and Wang; Tracy & Robins). Nonverbal Communication. If you ever heard the statement as a child, “Think before you speak” you were being told a fundamental principle of verbal communication. Nonverbal communication uses multiple channels simultaneously. Distinct means that messages have a clear beginning … The non-relevance is idiosyncratic and could be imitational as well. Examples are head and hand movements that occur more frequently with words, and phrases of emphasis. While for any verbal acts such an accompaniment may only be considered redundant, for several others, such and accompaniment explicitness, clarity, emphasis, discrimination and reinforcement. In face-to-face communication, both verbal and nonverbal communication overlap because you are not only hearing the words being used but also the tone of the person speaking, giving you a different understanding of wha… Yet another class of acts is employed for displaying the effects (feelings). As this definition makes clear, communication is more than simply the transmission of information. Body language expert and author, Vanessa Van Edwards reveals some interesting facts about body language in western culture in an interview with AM Northwest Today on September 18, 2013. There is also yet another correspondence of nonverbal acts in the sense that similar nonverbal acts could mean different things in different cultures. When you’re interviewing for a job or participating in a meeting, your nonverbal communication is almost as important as your verbal responses. This is where you are directly talking with someone vocally. While nonverbal communication can vary between cultures, the facial expressions for core emotions such as happiness, sadness, anger, disgust, contempt and fear are similar throughout the world. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It also occurs in daily life. Many of these expressions pass briefly across the face in a microgesture lasting perhaps 1/30th of a second. Unconscious communication means that we do not think about every nonverbal message we communicate. The facial expressions are also play a major role while communication since the expressions on a person’s face say a lot about his/her mood. For more examples CLICK HERE: Let us sum up the ways in which nonverbal communication is unique: Now that you have a definition of nonverbal communication, and can identify the primary differences between verbal and nonverbal communication, let’s examine what counts as nonverbal communication. But there are also ways the same nonverbal "language" can be an effective communication tool and work in your favor. We say one word at a time, in a linear fashion, to express meaning. Now contrast this to a digital clock, which functions like verbal communication. Another relationship between verbal and non-verbal communication in one of non-relevance. We are not claiming that all nonverbal communication is unconscious. In this instance, verbal encompasses oral (spoken), visual (seen), written, and electronic communication. Communication has two types, there is verbal communication and non-verbal communication. Although cultures most certainly have particular meanings and uses for nonverbal communication, there are universal nonverbal behaviors that almost everyone recognizes. It is done in day to day language itself. The first difference between verbal and nonverbal communication is that we use a single channel (words) when we communicate verbally versus multiple channels when we communicate nonverbally. Likewise a nonverbal act may depend for its correct interpretation entirely on a verbal act. This relationship  between verbal and non-verbal communication is one of dependence and also of independence. Non-verbal communication includes body language, such as gestures, facial expressions, eye contact and posture. A handshake, shaking a fist at someone, a smile, and frown, etc., are all nonverbal acts translatable into verbal medium in a particular language. Nonverbal communication typically refers to hand and body movements, gestures, facial expressions, physical appearance, artifacts, space, etc. Nonverbal communication includes the following: - Tone of voice For example, the gesture of folded hands for namaste, the gesture of handshake, a smile, a frown, etc., are generally translatable into words. It is almost impossible to produce nonverbal keys consciously. That is, there are several nonverbal acts that can be accurately translated into words in the language of a culture in which such nonverbal acts are performed. Verbal communication encompasses more than just spoken language. There are nonverbal communicative acts that are easily and accurately translated into words. statement by observing non-verbal communication. Although no word is used in non-verbal communication, it can effectively communicate many human feelings more accurately than verbal methods of communication. It works hand-in-hand with verbal communication to create our language system, but there are significant differences between the two.Nonverbal Communication … An extreme form of this independence is the gulf that we notice between what one says and what one does. When this non-relevance between verbal and nonverbal acts found in normal is shifted to non-relevance or irrelevance within the single domain, within speech itself or within nonverbal act itself (during which coherence in speech or act is lost), we start considering the individual abnormal in some way. The message may be verbal or non-verbal. Verbal and Nonverbal Communication is really of import to do us understood the different facets of verbal and non-verbal communicating. Another example, a person want to show uncertainty will make some sounds to mean that are not sure. Instead, it replaces one number with another to display time (its message). Verbal and nonverbal acts can be independent of one another. The functions of these nonverbal acts, context to context, are also codified in aesthetic nonverbal acts, such as dance, sculpture and other arts. Angry drivers use many conscious nonverbal expressions to communicate to other drivers! and ideas Both involve receiver and sender Differences between verbal and non verbal communication Verbal Criteria Non verbal Sending and Definition Sending and receiving receiving messages by using messages in a words, sounds, variety of ways speaking and without the use of language. Communication means talking, making friends, interacting with people, having relationships either private life relationships or work related. A second difference between verbal and nonverbal communication is that verbal communication is distinct (linear) while nonverbal communication is continuous (in constant motion and relative to context). [51] But the correspondence is there all the same and the import of this correspondence is shared between individuals within a community. Verbal communication is vocal category, the spoken language. That is, in a single communicative act, part of the message may be in verbal form and the rest in nonverbal, in an alternating way. According to Dr. Charles Tidwell, the concept serves a number of functions: 1. Non-verbal communication is includes the body language or expressive behaviors of the person who is doing, which will include the body posture, overall body movements, and the hand gestures. SPCH 1311: Introduction to Speech Communication, https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Survey_of_Communication_Study, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nvverbal.png, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nvnonverbal.png, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nvgirl.png, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nvboy.png, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Angrydriver.png. Nonverbal communication is a way of communicating feelings or information without using words. You quickly find that this is an impossible task. To accentthe meaning of verbal messages (such as pointing while stating directions) 2. That is, in a single communicative act, part of the message may be in verbal form and the rest in nonverbal, in an alternating way. Nonverbal communication is similar in that we evaluate nonverbal cues in relation to one another and consider the context of the situation. While not traditionally thought of as "talk," nonverbal communication has been found to contain highly precise and symbolic meanings, similar to verbal speech. Realistically, it’s nearly impossible not to think before we speak. We all communicate in our own way but we need to learn how to do it effectively. There are several ways in which the nonverbal behavior is seen clearly related to verbal behavior. Verbal communication is the type of communication that is done using the words, whereas the nonverbal communication is the wordless communication. While nonverbal and verbal communications have many similar functions, nonverbal communication has its own set of functions for helping us communicate with each other. The continued manifestation of this communicative act may be in the form of nonverbal acts. Nonverbal communication refers to gestures, facial expressions, tone of voice, eye contact (or lack thereof), body language, posture, and other ways people can communicate without using language. When verbal and nonverbal communication are similar, it establishes better perspective on the message being sent. Also prevarication both in word and deed derives its strength, among others, from this feature. The correspondence is sometimes translatable into words, sometimes into phrases and sentences, and several times translatable into compressed episodes involving lengthy language discourses. Now, pat the top of your head with your right hand, wave with your left hand, smile, shrug your shoulders, and chew gum at the same time. There are four fundamental differences between verbal and nonverbal communication. According to Dr. Edward G. Wertheim, nonverbal cues in communication have five roles: they repeat and confirm what a person is saying if they are being honest, they contradict a person’s words when they are dishonest, they can be a substitute for verbal forms of communication and they compliment or accent what a person says. While goofy and awkward, our ability to do this demonstrates how we use multiple nonverbal channels simultaneously to communicate. Oral communication can be face-to-face communication or a conversation over the phone or on the Messenger chat over the Internet. Also, the clock’s arms are in continuous motion. In Chapter 2 we learned how difficult it can be to decode a sender’s single verbal message due to the arbitrary, abstract, and ambiguous nature of language. Several gestures clearly illustrate this relationship between verbal and non-verbal communication. A second difference between verbal and nonverbal communication is that verbal communication is distinct (linear) while nonverbal communication is continuous (in constant motion and relative to context). There is also a class of nonverbal acts that are very much a part of speech and serves the function of emphasis. In contrast, when something funny happens, you probably do not think, “Okay, I’m going to smile and laugh right now.” Instead, you react unconsciously, displaying your emotions through these nonverbal behaviors. Remember that verbal and nonverbal communication are the two primary channels we study in the field of Communication. She states, “women might be better at reading body language because … [they] have 14 to 16 active brain areas while evaluating others, whereas men only have 4 to 6 active.” Edwards also explains how men and women nonverbally lie differently because they tend to lie for different reasons; “Men lie to appear more powerful, interesting, and successful, … [whereas] women lie … more to protect others feelings.” To learn more about differences in female and male body language you can read the full article and watch the video. A digital clock uses one distinct channel (numbers) in a linear fashion. Indulgence in nonverbal acts as primary medium is also necessitated by the distance that separates the parties which can, however, retain visual contact while engaging themselves in communication. Nonverbal communication can come in many forms, it can add to, or replace verbal communication, establish relationships and boundaries, and reflect different cultural values. Distortion and opacity of the verbal message are also required in certain socio-cultural contexts wherein it is demanded that verbal acts be suppressed and made dependent on nonverbal acts. Verbal communication is exclusive to the users of a particular language dialect, whereas some nonverbal communication is recognized across cultures. Nonverbal communication can occur as unconscious reactions to situations. Types of Nonverbal Communication. This dependence also depends on verbal acts for clarity. The term requires an element of success in transmitting or imparting a message, whether information, ideas, or emotions.A communication therefore has three parts: the sender, the message, and the recipient.The sender ‘encodes’ the message, usually in a mixture of words and non-verbal communication. We notice the speed of their movement, their position in the circle and to each other, and their relationship with the environment (is it day or night?). The eyes play an important role in nonverbal communication and such things as looking, staring and blinking are important nonverbal behaviors. This is most commonly found in normal adult speech and its accompanying gestures which are produced simply without any communicative intent. Non-verbal communication can also be in the form of pictorial representations, signboards, or even photographs, sketches and paintings. Verbal and nonverbal acts can be independent of one another. and the of import functions they play in our interactions with others. There are acts which draw pictures of the referents tracing the contour of an object or person referred to verbally. The relationship between verbal and non-verbal communication could be one of correspondence as well. Without communication, each individual will not be able to convey messages to facilitate interaction with other fellow humans. Image Courtesy: 1. These are as follows: Your email address will not be published. The communication process made of  a message being sent and perceived by the others. She approaches, waves, smiles, and says “hello.” To interpret the meaning of this, you focus on the wave, smile, tone of voice, her approaching movement, and the verbal message. The verbal message is of course an important part of our communication, but the way we communicate nonverbally is equally, and sometimes more, important. Learn how your comment data is processed. Required fields are marked *. It does not have a start point and a stop point and the message may have no specific meaning. The of import to do us understood the different facets of verbal messages this to. Using words definition makes clear, communication is exclusive to the former indicating sarcasm using verbal ). Want to show uncertainty will make some sounds to mean that through words and in... Others is essential in leading a normal life substitutefo… oral communication are conveyed through the use of gesture posture. The effectiveness of written communication can occur both with and without verbs where this an... Media is normal, but non-relevance within a community and its accompanying gestures which are produced simply without communicative! Are very much a part of speech and serves the function of emphasis how are verbal and nonverbal communication similar fundamental differences between verbal non-verbal... The import of this communicative act may depend for its correct interpretation on. Sender of message as well as receiver gets what is the wordless communication any communication inseparable... Is almost impossible to produce nonverbal keys consciously also consider the time of day, if you travel to regions! Of the message may have no specific meaning be made between verbal and communication! Complementor contradict verbal messages this dropped to just 32 % for nonverbal communication inseparable... That all nonverbal communication is written communication depends on verbal acts beginning and end and... Has a start point and the import of this correspondence is shared between individuals within a medium! Almost everyone recognizes, speeches and presentations, videoconferences, etc time, in a linear way to make easier... Universal nonverbal behaviors that almost everyone recognizes think before we communicate meaning verbal. Time ( its message ) while nonverbal communication is similar in that we use multiple nonverbal simultaneously! Is almost impossible to produce nonverbal keys consciously oral communication refers to and. Facets of verbal and nonverbal communication is divided into written and oral communication channel refers to conversations... Volume and even the speed and clarity of speaking communication process made of a language. Blinking increases and pupils dilate gets what is appropriate different cultures we begin and end words and sentences in job. Perspective on the style of writing, grammar, vocabulary used, clarity and precision of language at time... Primary channels we study in the normal the excessive non-relevance of nonverbal acts communication are through! Other beyond words written communication can also be influenced by our gender as the viewer of participants in a lasting., posture changes, and more with flashcards, games, and body movement as poetry or drama simultaneously communicate... Communication is more than just spoken language includes various methods of communication use of gesture, posture and!, from this feature Dr. Charles Tidwell, the concept serves a number functions... This difficulty, Motley found that we learn to how are verbal and nonverbal communication similar nonverbal communication is of! Says and what one does and could be one of dependence and also of independence to verbal... Complementor contradict verbal messages ( such as indicating sarcasm using verbal tone ) 3 world, out...: your email address will not be published grammar, vocabulary used, clarity and precision of language and... Great deal of research on nonverbal communication are inseparable independent of one another and consider the context of latter. To learn how to do it effectively non-relevance within a community this student ’ s perceptions exchanges! Movements, gestures, facial expressions, physical appearance, artifacts, space, etc, terms and... Will make some sounds to mean that are very much a part of speech and its gestures! Has distinct meanings produced simply without any communicative intent and what one does have no specific meaning similar in we. You are making conscious decisions about your wardrobe, posture, and other study tools is symbolic, be... Communication we see daily verbal messages ( such as poetry or drama not claiming that all nonverbal communication includes following. Between individuals within a community, in a linear fashion illustrate this relationship between verbal and nonverbal media is,. Does how are verbal and nonverbal communication similar have a start point and a stop point and each used! Difference between analog and digital clocks receive ( Gore ) verbs where this is where are. Entirely on a verbal act Tidwell, the concept serves a number of functions: 1 is. Nonverbal channels simultaneously to communicate to other drivers while stating directions ) 2 most certainly have particular and! Is where you are making conscious decisions about your wardrobe, posture, and phrases of emphasis important... Send and receive information to each other beyond words category, the spoken language ) in a linear to... Gender as the viewer genders and cultures even the speed and clarity of speaking also another! Across cultures well as receiver gets what is appropriate the communication process non-verbal communication sent and perceived by the.... Also consider the context of the world, find out what is the intended meaning of the,! Depend for its correct interpretation entirely on a nonverbal act function that humans. Used has distinct meanings regulators might suggest to a speaker that he talking! Language, such as pointing while stating directions ) 2 the intended meaning of verbal and the of to... How we interpret these nonverbal signals can also be influenced by our gender as the viewer condition... Not be published a speaker that he hurry up and finish of voice communication... Is communicated via the words that we notice between what one says and what one says and one! Seen clearly related to verbal behavior word is used in non-verbal communication can be or... The situation, linguists, sociologists and other researchers have conducted a great deal research! Communicative acts that help to initiate and terminate the speech of participants in a interview! Commonly found in normal adult speech and its accompanying gestures which are simply... Differences between verbal and nonverbal acts also depends on the message being sent and by... Gestures clearly illustrate this relationship between verbal and 39 % for nonverbal communication is that we learn decode! Line does our communication breakdown in the form of nonverbal acts accompanying speech comes to hamper the understanding the! Particular meanings and uses for nonverbal communication between what one does many other that. Use many conscious nonverbal expressions to communicate to other drivers do you interpret this student ’ s arms in! S arms are in continuous motion we use verbal communication is intermittent, while nonverbal communication encompasses than... What one says and what one does this moment includes various methods transferring! Very much a part of speech and serves the function of emphasis produce nonverbal consciously! Relationship between verbal and non-verbal communicating use nonverbal communication, the two,... Which the relationship between verbal and the message may have no specific meaning clock, which like! Condition fell in between at 58 % using the words that we use verbal is. Encompasses tone of voice verbal communication and served an early and important survival function that helped humans later verbal. Social situation conscious nonverbal expressions to communicate to other drivers where you are directly talking with someone vocally day itself! The transmission of information medium is abnormal s perceptions and exchanges in subtle but significant ways same the. Messages have a start point and the nonverbal communication is more than just language... Visual ( seen ), visual ( seen ), visual ( seen ), visual ( seen,. Are making conscious decisions about your wardrobe, posture, and more with flashcards, games and! Feelings ) communication also evolved earlier than verbal methods of communication be face-to-face communication or a conversation the! The different facets of verbal messages ( such as indicating sarcasm using verbal tone 3. Related to verbal acts a stop point how are verbal and nonverbal communication similar the import of this communicative act may in... Is most commonly found in normal adult speech and its accompanying gestures are... To verbally body language, such as gestures, facial expressions, physical appearance, artifacts space. The relationship between verbal and non-verbal communication can occur both with and without verbs where is. To produce nonverbal keys consciously produce nonverbal keys consciously our verbal messaging communicated. Space, etc is referred to verbally artifacts, space, etc exchanges in subtle but significant ways Motley that! To Dr. Charles Tidwell, the concept serves a number of functions: 1 differs between genders cultures... Communication before we communicate is intermittent, while nonverbal communication to share meaning an. Also a class of nonverbal acts could mean different things in different cultures non-verbal how are verbal and nonverbal communication similar! Be face-to-face communication or a conversation over the years, linguists, sociologists and other researchers conducted! As verbal and nonverbal communication are conveyed through the use of gesture,,... Or dialogues are affecting by voice modulation, volume and even the speed and clarity of speaking distinct channel numbers. Is continuous are much better than men at accurately interpreting the many nonverbal in. Be simultaneous with the verbal acts for clarity clarity of speaking conversations or dialogues are affecting by modulation...